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Transition Analysis - Pros Vs Ams

In this analysis video, we discuss what makes a quality transition from backswing to downswing, and what are the signs that something critical is off. We will cover the movements of the body, and the arms, and how they work together to correctly and consistently get you prepared for a proper release.

Tags: Transition, Analysis, Concept, Intermediate

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In this analysis video, we're going to look at the transition.

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I've said many times that transition is one of the key movements to the golf swing

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and we're a lot of problems seem to start manifesting themselves.

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So transition is roughly going to be from when you've set the club until you get to the release.

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So it'll roughly be the first stage of the downswing right up until about here.

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Everybody's going to be a little bit different as to when they start the release.

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So transition timing will be a little bit different for everyone.

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But right around here when that right arm starts to straighten is roughly when transition ends.

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So it seems like it's a very short period of time, but there's a lot of key movements that are happening

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in this transition.

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In keeping with our theme, the first thing we'll talk about is what the body is doing during transition.

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And then the second thing we'll talk about is what the arms are doing transition.

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During transition, we are essentially loading the body for the release.

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So the first thing that we're going to look at is getting the weight into the left foot.

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Then we're going to look at getting that left shoulder down as well as getting the chest down.

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Now first let's look at getting into that left side or getting into that left foot.

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So here on the left we have Kegan Bradley and I'm just going to draw a line

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vertically up from kind of the outside of his arch.

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Now you'll see that the first movement that he's going to do if it's a decent camera angle is

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get his left hip over close to that line.

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Some golfers will actually get past that line, but here Kegan does a pretty good job of getting up close to.

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On the right here we have Zac Johnson and while the line moved a little bit just from the camera angle,

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you'll see that during that transition phase, he gets his left hip over on top of his left foot.

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Now you'll notice that as I talk about the transition phase, both Kegan and Zach and the other examples

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I'll show are getting their lower body up over that line.

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Roughly about the time the left arm is parallel to the ground.

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That's essentially the same thing as the step into the pitch that you would see in any good throwing motion.

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And so it's important that this weight shift happens relatively quickly.

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Now here's Justin Rose and if we look on the left we can see him with an iron and you can see

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there's that lateral movement as he begins to rotate and then by the time that left arm is parallel to the ground.

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There's a vertical line and if you remember from my finding your hip video,

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the hip is roughly going to be about where that first belt loop is.

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So you'll see in both of these examples, he is roughly getting that belt loop over the ankle

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early in the downswing and the key thing there is that it's happening early and then it will stabilize

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there as he goes into the release. Now here we have a couple of amateurs and we'll demonstrate

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different ways that we could have trouble with this part of the transition. So you can see the golfer on the left.

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Basically never really gets that belt loop on top of his ankle. He's pretty much

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he shifts a little bit but most of his weight stays back on that right foot and then you'll see

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as he comes through impact not to foreshadow but because it was way on that back foot you can see the

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golf will still on the screen when it should be long gone. Over here on the right you'll see a golfer

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who's getting more of the weight shift with his upper body you can see how his upper body and his

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lower body are almost right on top of each other and his lower body is getting over onto his left side

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relatively slowly so you can see it takes his entire downswing for his hip to get on top of the

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ankle where it was clear with those professionals that they were getting over there during one of the

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very first movements. Now the next piece that we're going to look at is getting the chest down or the

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left shoulder side bending during transition. So over here on the left while not a tour pro he's a very

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good ball striker into professional and Maryland but it's a unique camera angle so I wanted to show

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it so that you can clearly see that as the club starts down you can watch that left shoulder

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get a little bit lower. I will put a little line there just so you can see you can see during

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transition right there very very subtle but helps load and compress against the ground before

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he's going to do his powerful movements starting to release. If you're looking from the more

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traditional behind the golfer the way we see over here on the macro area the down the line you will

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see that left shoulder drop down and typically the head drop down a little bit as well. That's an

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indication that he's getting left side bend because we are currently looking straight at his chest.

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So it can feel a little weird that's why we have a handful of drills to help you understand what it

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really means to do this little left side bend because it's gonna feel weird because your spine

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is twisted when you're doing it. But it is critical for properly creating the platform to then push

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off of during release. Now I'll show you a couple more examples. Over here on the left we've got

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Tiger Woods doing a more traditional approach and you'll see clearly during that transition phase that

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left shoulder is dropping down. This is a left side bend and helps give the chest lower

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which prepares for the release. We'll talk about that in the release video. Here you've got a little

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less traditional backswing with Tommy Ganey but you'll still see that movement of dropping during

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transitioning getting that left shoulder coming down. Now here are a couple amateurs that will

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help us demonstrate the opposite. So here's a student here on the left and as we get to the top of

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the swing if you pay attention to that left shoulder you'll see that as she starts down it pretty much

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appears like it stays the same height or if anything it ends up going up. I can tell you from

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3D that it actually goes up a little bit. Right up and then over here on the right we'll look at

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a similar pattern. So as we go up towards the top of the swing we're watching that left shoulder in

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head and you'll see it move back in a way and up as opposed to going down the way that we were seeing

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with some of those tour pros. Now let's take a look at the arms during the transition phase. So

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the arms in the club or the arms in the hands have one primary role they're going to get in close

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close to the body kind of like a figure skater getting ready to spin so that the body can rotate

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and transfer the speed effectively and then the arms will be in position to release all that energy

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during the release or it or transfer all that energy during the release. Now there's a few movements

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that are going to make this a little bit easier. One the right elbow is going to bend a little

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bit more and work in the front of your chest. Two the left wrist is going to slightly flatten or

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flex and the right wrist is going to cup or extend and then three your left arm the arms are going

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to flatten the club and I'll talk a lot about that in the section in the video. By flattening the club

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I mean the left arm is going to be pronating and the right arm is going to be supernating. That

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means that the right arm would be rotating so that the palm would be facing up and the left arm

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would be rotating so that the palm would be facing down. Instead of talking about each move individually

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let's talk about them kind of together in a global sense. So for some reason it can be much easier to

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understand transition if we look at the midway point between transition and release which I refer

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to as the delivery position. So in this delivery position which I talk about in the delivery position

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drill you'll see that a few things have happened the hands are going to be pointing directly away

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from the chest. I mean the back of the left hand is pointing away from the chest and the palm

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of the right hand is pointing more or less away from the chest. Now this is different from where

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we would be here in the back swing. So at this point in the back swing you can see that the

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the palms are not parallel to the chest. The chest is at an angle kind of like this and

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the club is at an angle something like this. We can take a look at Tommy Ganey here. You can see that

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the hands in the back swing are at a different angle to the chest like so. Now as he goes up to the top

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of the swing you'll see things flatten out to where they get both of them pretty much in the same

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alignment. Now it is very very hard to see this movement on video because of a couple things.

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One we have this single camera view that we're looking at and two the movable structures of the

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left shoulder, protracting, sometimes struggling but basically they may get hard to see the true

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alignment of the chest. That's why with 3D we use a sensor that's on the thorax and we look at

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the movement of the ribcage. Now let's isolate the flattening of the club or the pronation of

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the left arm supination of the right arm for right hand to golfer. So here we have tiger woods

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as we go up to the top of the swing you'll see that even though the left shoulder is dropping

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down which should steep in the path you'll see that the club is coming down slightly flatter

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than it was on the backswing. Not everyone does it slightly flatter it's probably a couple examples

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but most of them do and the way that they're doing it is by letting those arms drop flatten or

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feel like they're falling which is a common phrase which tiger himself has said when he's playing

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well tends to feel. So there's that little drop slash flatten move. Here's loop Donald on the right

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and you'll see there's the angle between his hands and his chest. So there's the angle between

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his hands and his chest. You'll see that as he starts down there's the little flatten move and the

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hands are more approaching chest they will reach parallel to the chest or even inside of it when they

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get down or even shallower as they get down to delivery position right in there.

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And now let's look at a few amateurs going through this same phase. So over here on the left we have

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a higher handicap golfer and you'll see in this position here there's that different angle that we saw

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with those pro golfer as we were just looking at but as we start down you'll see that instead of

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shallowing that club out we will see that his hands are now vertical compared to his chest so they've

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actually become steeper. So he's doing the opposite motions with his forearms to what the examples

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of the tour pro is I was showing you. Now we really couldn't talk about steep and shallow without

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bringing in sort of Charles Barkley. So you can see he brings it away you know into this backswing

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position on a similar angle to what those pro's are talking about he has losses backswing posture

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but no big deal. As he starts down during his first pump anyway you will see that compared to his

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chest that shaft is practically vertical or practically perpendicular. So most pros are getting into

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a parallel position which would be roughly having the shaft like this compared to his chest but

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Charles does it his own way and eventually he does release through but he's releasing from an

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incredibly steep position and so he has to stand up to try to shallow it out last minute.

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Now here are two examples of steepening and shallowing in the wrong way. So over here on the left we have

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an amateur golfer. As he goes to the top of the swing you can see the difference between his chest

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than his wear his hands are facing you know again nothing doesn't look out of the norm that could

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potentially be a tour swing. But as we start down you'll see that that left shoulder tends to come up

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pretty quickly and the hands if you compared to where they were here in the backswing have actually

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reached more of a steep position. So then he has to shallow the club out very very late by doing

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a smaller version of the stand up move that Charles Barclay was doing. Over here on the right we have

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a student of mine who does a similar movement. So here he is right here you can see his chest and arms

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are roughly parallel with each other which is exactly what we want to see on the downswing.

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What he ends up doing is he steepens you can see right there that his hands have steepened compared

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to where they were at this position here. But the shaft has flattened he's done all of the flattening

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from losing that left side tilt and standing up and so his release is going to be very very steep

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while his body has created all the shallows. I think it's very important that the body be more steep

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and the hands be more shallow for the majority of full swings. Now before I get an ambush of

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I do want to show that there are examples of golfers who do more of a steeper movement of their

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arms during a transition. And I've got two of them here, one Jason Duffner and the other is Phil

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Nicholson. Now I would like to point out there in the vast minority and the thing that we can't see

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here is if one arm is primarily controlling this movement or if they're both doing it.

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What I mean by that is it is possible that the left arm could be trying to flatten

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which we could see on 3D while the right arm could be steepening. But either way I did want to show

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you a couple examples. So here you can see in the backswing position hands roughly parallel to the

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chest and then as he starts down hands are slightly steeper maybe 10-15 degrees or so. And so he ends up

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getting into delivery position but with a little bit steeper shaft angle.

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Here we have Jason Duffner again hands are roughly parallel and then as he starts down you can see them

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just slightly steeper than where they were in the backswing. Now as a result of having them slightly

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steeper you'll see during the release phase is upper body tends to drift away from the golf ball

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which is a shallowing out move but also a timing move. Phil kind of does the same thing. You'll see

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that upper body drifting slightly away but not nearly as much. Next we'll take a look at the

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wrist setting move. So I've got a couple examples here on the left we have Zack Johnson and on the right

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ran for a macroe. I'll show you an easy way that you can see it on video. So if we go

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through the takeaway you can take a look at the angle between the left wrist and the left forearm.

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All right that is looked at as left wrist extension you can see that Zack Johnson has a fair amount

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and I believe he's somewhere around 40 degrees or something like that. Now you can also see up at the

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top of the swing. There he has let's say 20 degrees or so and then as he starts down you'll see that

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he takes away a lot of it when he gets back in this position here if you look at his left wrist

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you can see that it has a lot less of that extension position and you can see that that right

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wrist has a fair amount of cupping. So that movement happens somewhere during this transition phase.

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Now if we look at right macroe we'll see

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fully something similar. So in this position here you can see if you drew a line from his left

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there is definitely an angle maybe 20 degrees something like that. As we as he let's the

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club go up to the top of the swing you'll start to see this movement because you can see right here he has

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still a little bit of cup in that left wrist and then as he starts down now that left wrist is

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pretty much flat. So he's done the movement I call or refer to as the motorcycle movement which is

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basically squaring or closing in the club face with the hands as if you're rotating a screwdriver.

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When we get him down to this delivery position you can see that if you drew a line straight off his

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forearm there's a fair amount of angle there maybe 20 degrees or so so he's gone about 40 degrees

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different between his takeaway position and where he is on the right hand. And now we have a

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couple of examples of amateurs and we'll look at the same two pieces of information. So you can see here

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his wrist is pretty flat and as we go up towards the top of the swing you'll see it pretty much

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maintains that position and as we come back down it's pretty much in that same position there.

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So he has done very little with setting the wrist and you can see that that right wrist is pretty

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straight as well. So this will be a swing the will typically lack power and typically have trouble with

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getting divots and downward angle attack because his wrist are kind of already in a length and position.

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Here we have over on the left of a very good solid amateur golfer low handicap he's got

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a little bit of a cup in his left wrist there and then about the same amount at the top of the swing

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as we come back down we can say the shaft is kind of shallowing out but you can see that the wrist

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is essentially in the same position we have a very limited amount of cup in that right wrist. So again

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he's failed to set those wrists into a powerful position and so he's going to sacrifice a lot of his

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body speed because the hands aren't ready for what we would want to do during the release.

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And here we have two more amateur examples, different handicap levels but so let's take a look at

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it right there. So here we have fairly straight slight little cup maybe 10, 15 degrees tops and then as we

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come back down to that same position you can see about the same maybe a little bit less over here on the right

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you'll see again slight cup maybe 10, 15 degrees as we come back down.

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You can see about that same 10, 15 degrees. Now anytime that you haven't done this motorcycle

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move where you haven't flattened the left wrist and cup the right wrist it's going to limit

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how much your upper body is going to be able to rotate and it's going to limit or minimize how much

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speed you're going to be able to create. So let's take a look at this ability to rotate

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so when we when we had the professionals up there you would notice that their chest was pointed at the

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golf ball at this same hand position. So to show you what I mean I brought Adam Scott over here on

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the left so you can see that when the club is roughly in the same position compared to the golf ball

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right if I drew a little box there you can see that his club is roughly parallel to the target

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and to the box so as Adam so their their clubs are in identical positions more or less.

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If you were to then look at their body you can see that his body is facing the golf ball

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chest pointed out like so where this gentleman here has chest is pointed more behind the golf

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so if we did nothing but turn his body that would move the club even steeper. So if you don't do

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this motorcycle move if you don't have this cup in the the right wrist and flattening or

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or flexing of the left wrist then it's going to limit how much you can turn your body which is

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a limitation on both power and consistency. So I know that that is a lot to think about which is why

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I've broken it down into these individual movements and giving you drills that you can use to practice

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them and train them because there's no way you can think about all this during the subtle movement

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as you finish your backswing and get into this delivery position but you can train it so that it

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happens automatically with proper repetitions and proper focus. So focus on one piece of the time

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as you're training this and then when you feel like you have a pretty good understanding not mastery

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but a pretty good understanding you can move on to adding the next piece but know that once you have

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all these pieces in play you'll have what it takes to be in position for a very powerful and efficient

00:22:31,000 --> 00:22:34,000

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