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Swing Analysis Videos

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Follow Through Analysis - Pros Vs Ams

In this analysis video, we discuss what makes a quality follow through position, and what are the signs that something critical in the swing is off. We will cover the positions of the body, and the arms, and how they work together to correctly and consistently strike the ball and finish the swing.

Playlists: Swing Analysis Videos, Beginner Program

Tags: Follow Through, Analysis, Concept, Intermediate, Beginner

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In this analysis video, we're going to look at the follow-through position.

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Now the follow-through position is going to be slightly different for everybody, but it's

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roughly when the shaft is parallel to both the ground and the carbureline or somewhere

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out here in the follow-through.

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Essentially, this is when the swing ends and everything you do after this position is more

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a way to absorb the speed and absorb the forces that you've created in the golf swing than

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it is to control the geometry.

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So while there's things you could learn from after this point, for me, this is when

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all the movements of the swing really end.

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As always, we're going to discuss the position or the follow-through position from both the

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perspective of the body and from the arms.

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So first we'll take a look at the body.

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Now we're going to use the reference of what's happening from impact and from impact, what

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happens to get to the follow-through position is quite simple.

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The body is going to continue side bending to the right and extending.

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Now what that'll look like is here's impact position.

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And as he goes through into the follow-through, you will see that his spine appears to maintain

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its spine angle.

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What I mean about that is if you were to point a line through his shoulders, you can

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see that that's roughly perpendicular to where his spine is pointed and if you took it

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back to impact, you can see that that's roughly the angle that the shoulders are rotating

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We do the same thing with Adam Scott.

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We create that line of the shoulders pointing somewhere out in direction on a golf

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ball and you'll see that as he goes through into his follow-through position, he's going

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to continue side bending to the right and extending at the spine as he rotates, which

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gives the appearance of maintaining the spine angle.

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And now we can take a look at a couple amateurs and we can see what it would look like if

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you did not continue side bending or if you turned on more of a vertical axis.

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So here as we go into the follow-through and if I were to draw a line through the shoulders,

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you can see that it's pointed kind of well out here where if you saw with the two torporos

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who we had up here Adam Scott and Jason Duffner, they're going to be closer in the direction

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to the golf ball.

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If I continued to have her rotate, you can see that it would come up to a very horizontal

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So she's moving from side bend to standing upright as she goes through this phase.

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Now here's another amateur and you can see it's pointing slightly out as we continue

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going up.

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You can see that it gets even more horizontal.

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We'll bring up another torporo for an example so that you can have a refresher of what

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it looks like to maintain that side bend.

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So here we have Keegan Bradley and Fred Couples, both of whom would be considered more

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of a two-playing golf swing.

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So you would expect them to have a little more level shoulder plane to their vertical arm

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motion and as you can see as we go into the follow-through position, it's not exactly

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the case, both of them have their shoulders and their spine pointed heavily towards the

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golf ball or with a lot of right side bend.

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So if you have been told that you stand up in your downswing or that you need to keep your

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spine angle, what they're really talking about is keeping this right side bend.

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Now we've got lots of drills that help explain how you can do that from both the spine

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and the legs point of view and how they work together because it's not quite as easy as

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what most people tend to think.

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So check the transition or sorry, check the transition and the follow-through position drills

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and they'll show you exactly how to get this side bend.

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Now the next piece of the body that we're going to look at is this amount of spine extension

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which is best seen from the face on view.

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Now it's still a little tricky to see from any camera angle because we're rotating

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and the camera's not.

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But on 3D we can confirm that a lot of this is happening.

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So as we go from impact to that follow-through position, you'll see that the center of the

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lower body and the center of the upper body have a little bit of space between them as

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and the lower body is closer to the target than the upper body.

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Now part of this is done from the hips and part of this is done from the spine, but most

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golfers, most high level ball strikers will do this movement.

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On 3D we'll typically see numbers in the 50 to 60 degrees of backward bend or extension.

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Part of this is done from the hips, part of this is done from the spine.

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And here we see two examples of amateurs and we can take them through the same from

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impact to follow-through and you'll see that their spines are much closer to vertical.

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This gentleman, his hips are slightly forward or slightly ahead of his upper body.

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But here we have a relative new golfer and as we go to that follow-through position, you can

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see that for her, her upper body is actually closer to the target than the lower body.

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And she's in a little bit of flexion, not this extension or reverse seat position.

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So the two key movements for the body during this release are going to be that side bend

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and extension.

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And they're going to have a big influence on what the arms are going to do.

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So the next piece that we're going to look at is what I think is one of the most predictive

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pieces or one of the most predictive things that I could measure to determine your handicap

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level is how close your elbows are or when they reach their closest position.

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Most professionals are going to reach their closest position during this follow-through

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So they will frequently get as close together as six, seven inches where most amateurs

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are going to have their closest arm position just before impact and then they'll be getting

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further away.

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Part of that is because of what's happening with this side bend and extension.

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So pay attention during the next section and perhaps you can figure out why I have these

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drills organized the way that I do and how you can use them to piece the two components

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of the body and the arms together.

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So the last piece that we're going to look at is the arms and what they do from impact

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to this follow-through position.

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The symbol answer is the arms are going to extend and rotate.

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So if we look over here at Charlie Wee on the right, you'll see the back of his hand

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is pointed roughly at the target and you'll see that there's a certain amount of distance

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between his elbows.

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Now as he goes into that follow-through position, you'll see the back of his left hand

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is now pointing directly behind it and his elbows have gotten very close together.

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So his elbows are squeezing together as his forearms are rotating one on top of each

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One of the ways that and you'll see this in much more in depth when we get into the release

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but one of the ways that you'll see the rotation is the fact that you can see the fingers

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of his lead hand underneath the trail.

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So you can see the glove hand or the left hand right here where his right hand is now

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kind of on top of it.

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That indicates that he has had significant rotation through the forearms between impact

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in this position.

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If we look over on the left, we'll see a very unusual camera angle but one that's great

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for showing this elbows getting close together.

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So as this golfer Gary player comes into his follow-through, you'll see that his elbows

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or his forearms are practically touching.

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We'll look at a few more from this camera angle but I'll leave Charlie way over there

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so that you can visualize how the extension side bend as well as the elbow squeezing all

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kind of fit together.

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So here we have another swing and boom elbows are practically touching.

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That's when I believe gets cut off.

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So here we have classic Arnold Palmer and even though he has that unusual looking finish,

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you can see that at his follow-through position his elbows are virtually touching.

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His forearms are pretty much rubbing up against each other and then it's not until

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afterward that he does his trademark spin and signature move.

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Which is why I focus on the follow-through position being at this arm extension and waist

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tight position not what's that true end of your movement.

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So look at a couple more from this overhead position there you can see forearms right through

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there squeezing pretty close together.

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Not quite touching as much but still getting much closer together than your average

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We'll look at one more classically good swing and as we come through you can see that those

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forearms are very close together.

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So now let's take a look at a few amateurs going through that phase again so that you

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can see something to compare to.

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So what I want you to visualize is kind of the space between the elbows or the space between

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the forearms and what you'll see is as the skull fur goes through impact.

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That space is actually getting wider.

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You can see that the space right there is further apart than roughly that space there.

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Again if you look back at Charlie Wee it was much wider at impact than it was in the

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last phase.

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You'll also see that in this follow-through position over here on the left with the amateur

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you can see that his left hand is on top of his right hand where Charlie's Wee's left

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hand is underneath his right hand.

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So extension and rotation is what the arms are going to do in the follow-through.

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So we'll look at two more amateurs as they come through and you can see that those elbows

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are getting wider and wider apart.

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Both examples of the elbows getting wider apart and in both examples the glove hand is

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on top of the trail hand or the lead hand the left hand for these right hand and golfers

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is on top of the right hand.

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The extension of the arms and the rotation of the forearms is a clear indication of a release

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of all that energy in addition as far as the direction of both light is considered.

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By extending your arms through the shot you will help keep the glove moving away from

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you and keep the path going to the right so you will help control getting the bottom of

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the swing far enough forward and the path to the right which are two really big important

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pieces for being solid at impact.

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As with any of the major chunks that I teach it's a lot to think about which is why it's

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important to do the drills in order to train this side bending to the right the extension

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of the hips the extension of the arms and the rotation of the forearms.

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But I can tell you that if you can get a consistent and repeatable extended look the

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way these two golfers have here you will have a long future of hitting the ball very

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very solid.

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It's easy to practice with the nine to three drills and some of the other drills that I have

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to allow you to stop and isolate this position it can be hard to think about when you're

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doing it at full speed in a full swing.

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So be diligent with your practice in the follow-through position because this is one of the

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positions that is somewhat universal whether you have a one plane, a two plane, a stack

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until they're all kind of getting in this position I think it's a great checkpoint for you

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to start practicing and trying to train.

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